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• Mean GRE quantitative scores (0.06): This is the mean quantitative score on the GRE for doctoral students entering in the 2018-2019 academic year. Where mean GRE quantitative scores were not available for entering doctoral students, mean GRE quantitative scores for all entering graduate students were substituted, if available, in the ranking calculations.

For both GRE measures, only scores from the new GRE, which were first converted to a common percentile scale, were used in the ranking calculation.

The full GRE data are only available to users with a U.S. News Education School Compass subscription.

This year for the second time in the graduate education schools rankings, schools that reported that less than 50 percent of their entering doctoral students submitted new GRE scores received less credit for those test scores in the rankings.

Specifically, their weighted percentile distributions were adjusted downward by the proportion of the percentage of the student body that submitted test scores in relation to the 50 percent threshold. For example, if 25 percent of the entering class submitted test scores, then the test scores were reduced in value in the ranking model by 50 percent.

Faculty Resources (weighted by 0.12)

• Student-faculty ratio (0.045): This is the 2018 ratio of all full-time-equivalent doctoral students to full-time faculty. For the third consecutive year, U.S. News used a logarithmic transformation of the original value for the student-faculty ratio since it had a skewed distribution. This logarithmic manipulation rescaled the data and allowed for a more normalized and uniform spread of values across the indicator.

After this indicator was normalized using a log value, its indicator z-score was calculated from the log values. In statistics, a z-score is a standardized score that indicates how many standard deviations a data point is from the mean of that variable. This transformation of the data is essential when combining diverse information into a single ranking because it allows for fair comparisons between the different types of data.

• Percentage of faculty with awards (0.025): This is the average percentage of the full-time tenured or tenure-track faculty who held awards or editorships among selected education journals in 2017 and 2018. This indicator in the rankings uses a comprehensive list of education-related awards and journals adapted from a survey of deans from the Association of American Universities and the Council of Academic Deans from Research Education Institutions, conducted for U.S. News by a committee of AAU deans of education.

• Doctoral degrees granted (0.05): This is the ratio of the number of doctoral degrees awarded in 2018 to the number of full-time faculty members in 2017-2018.



Research Activity (weighted by 0.30)

• Total research expenditures (0.15): This is an education school's total research expenditures averaged over fiscal years 2017 and 2018. Expenditures refer to separately funded research, public and private, that the school conducted.

• Average expenditures per faculty member (0.15): This is the average of research expenditures per full-time tenured and tenure-track faculty member averaged over fiscal years 2017 and 2018. Expenditures refer to separately funded research, public and private, that the school conducted.

Overall Rank

Data were standardized about their means, and standardized scores were weighted, totaled and rescaled so that the top school received 100; other schools received their percentage of the top score. Graduate education schools were then numerically ranked in descending order based on their scores.

Specialty Rankings

Education specialty ratings, such as educational psychology and special education, are based solely on nominations by education school deans and education school deans of graduate studies from the list of schools surveyed. They selected up to 15 top programs in each area.

Those schools receiving the most votes in each specialty are numerically ranked in descending order based on the number of nominations they received, as long as they received seven or more nominations in that specialty area. This means that schools ranked at the bottom of each specialty ranking have received at least seven nominations.

Rank Not Published

U.S. News has numerically ranked the top three-quarters of the graduate education schools. The bottom quarter of the education schools are listed as Rank Not Published.

Rank Not Published means that U.S. News calculated numerical ranks for those schools but decided for editorial reasons not to publish them. Schools marked as Rank Not Published are listed alphabetically.

U.S. News will supply programs listed as Rank Not Published with their numerical ranks if they submit a request following the procedures listed in the Information for School Officials.


Programs that did not supply U.S. News with enough key statistical data to be numerically ranked are listed as Unranked. Unranked schools are listed alphabetically below those marked as Rank Not Published.

School Data

All of the 392 education schools surveyed are listed in the online directory. Schools provided data that appear in the rankings tables and on school profile pages. If a data point is listed as "N/A," the school did not provide it.

Searching for an education school? Get our complete rankings of Best Education Schools.

Robert Morse, Chief Data Strategist

Robert Morse is the chief data strategist for U.S. News. He takes the lead role in survey desig... READ MORE
Kenneth Hines, Data Analyst

Kenneth D. Hines has served as the lead analyst for the Best Graduate Schools rankings since jo... READ MORE
Elizabeth Martin, Data Analyst

Elizabeth Anne Martin is currently a data analyst at U.S. News where she assists other analysts... READ MORE
Tags: education, education graduate school, graduate schools, GRE, rankings



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